Américo Castro was against the idea of a Hispanic “race,” but…

If such a faith lasted longer in Spain than it did in the rest of Western Europe, this is partly because Franco’s triumph allowed Falangist historians to continue celebrating the achievements of the “raza hispanica” for many years. But it should be added that the “faith…in biological continuity”of Spanish fascists had its own distinctive flavor. Primo de Rivera, for example, could proclaim: “España no se justifica por tener una lengua, ni por ser una raza, ni por ser un acervo de costumbres, sino que España se justifica por una vocación imperial para unir lenguas, para unir razas, para unir pueblos y para unir costumbres en un destino universal.” Cited in Eduardo Gonzalez Calleja and Fredes Limon Nevado, La hispanidad como instrumento de combate: raza e imperio en la prensa franquista durante la guerra civil española (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1988), pp. 27f.

That is from note 24, page 244, in David Nirenberg, “Was there Race before Modernity? The Example of ‘Jewish’ Blood in Late Medieval Spain” (2009). This article is full of information and I see from it that I will have to reread Foucault … among others.

Axé.

14 Comments

Filed under News, Theories

14 responses to “Américo Castro was against the idea of a Hispanic “race,” but…

  1. Jonathan Mayhew

    Octavio Paz talks about the wonders of Catholic universalism: “I am thinking only of the struggle to organize them into a more just and Christian manner, but also of the opportunity that baptism offered them to form part of one social order and one religion. [… ] It is often forgotten that to belong to the Catholic faith meant that one had found a place in the cosmos.” This might be off topic slightly but I think that when you find an ostensibly liberal thinker making this type of argument, you realize that Catholicism provides the great alibi for conquest. Granted we oppressed them, but we made them part of the cosmos itself, bringing them the gift of universality… As if they had been somehow banished from the cosmos until their forced conversions.

    Spanish fascism could never be based on an Aryan ideal. It had to take inspiration from the Roman empire and the idea of incorporating other races into the imperial ideal. Of course limpieza de sangre was required to go to the New World itself.

    • Z

      My more conservative Latin American and US Latino students say being “Hispanic” means speaking Spanish, being Catholic, and living in a patriarchal family.

  2. Jonathan Mayhew

    I left out the best part:

    “There were classes, castes and slaves, but there were no pariahs, no persons lacking a fixed social condition and a legal, moral and religious status.”

    So maybe the patriarchal Catholic family that speaks Spanish is comforting. You know your place in the cosmic order, even if that place is an extremely low one. That, at least, is the ideological alibi. You are a slave but have a “moral” status through the inherent dignity of Catholic universalism.

    • Z

      There are Republican Cajuns who say this today. It is why they love that fleur-de-lys! Which is, I know, used as an anti-Anglo resistance symbol, but still … I could expound on this but have to go to class; I should write on it but they would possibly crucify me.

      • Z

        So this is how I can start the revision-translation of my paper, making it take 2:

        Freyre and Anzaldua are both wrong in that they like Marti and others are contrasting selves to a putative Anglo system … many take this as transgressive (and the créolité people do) but it is not or not necessarily, viz. this Roman-derived model.

        A question I now have is where Bolívar got his 1819 ideas. It seems that everyone is following them. I guess he got them from Rome … ? … !

  3. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN | "POÉTICAS"

  4. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN | "POÉTICA CRIATURAS DE CENIZA"

  5. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN | AREQUIPA

  6. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN.”LA POESÍA PURA EN ESPAÑA” | "SOCIOLECTOS"

  7. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN.”LA POESÍA PURA EN ESPAÑA” | IMAGINACIÓN - LA ESTÉTICA -

  8. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN.”LA POESÍA PURA EN ESPAÑA” | "EL ARCO Y LA LIRA"

  9. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN.”LA POESÍA PURA EN ESPAÑA” | "LA PRENDA SOCAVADA"

  10. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN.”LA POESÍA PURA EN ESPAÑA” | "OCULTO PARA EL MUNDO"

  11. Pingback: JORGE GUILLÉN.”LA POESÍA PURA EN ESPAÑA” | MI VIDA ENTERA

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s